Abortion Ethics of Fetal Abnormality

There are a great many thoughts on abortion from all areas of the spectrum. Some individuals believe it to be unethical regardless of any circumstances whereas others believe it is unethical to take away medical treatment from a woman without her being allowed to make decisions about her own body. Some individuals feel it is ethical in some instances but not others. These instances range from the woman is medically unable to carry the child to term, the woman becomes pregnant through abuse, rape, or incest, or the child is unhealthy and will not survive to term. These instances provide food for thought for any individual seeking to find their own opinions on abortion. Since ethics is not a black and white topic, one cannot quickly and easily categorize circumstances into ethical and unethical. These circumstances are often quite individual depending on the woman, the fetus, and the situation.

There is currently a large ethical debate regarding the ethics of fetal abnormality. Fetal abnormality is where the fetus is severely deformed in the uterus and is unable to survive after birth. Some infants born with severe mental abnormalities may survive but the quality of life is severely restricted, as often these children have no mental capacity and little motor capacity. When dealing with fetal abnormality, the discussion can be widely interpreted. A great many children are born with some type of abnormality or another. These abnormalities can be as small as an extra bone found in a hand or foot that is not noticeable and will not serve as any hindrance to a child as he or she develops or as great as an absence of critical organs that will not allow the child to live without constant support by machines.

When searching into ethics of fetal abnormality, one must keep an open mind regarding the situation. Blanket statements cannot be made in this topic and each situation is clearly different. It may be ethical to abort a pregnancy where a child will not be able to survive outside of the womb, whereas it would be severely unethical to abort a child due to other abnormalities, such as a clubfoot or a cleft palate.